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罗马帝国的玻璃:在佛罗伦萨举办的展览,Argente博物馆,“银人博物馆”,皮蒂宫,2004年3月至10月31日

罗马帝国的玻璃:在佛罗伦萨举办的展览,Argente博物馆,“银人博物馆”,皮蒂宫,2004年3月至10月31日

由Marco Beretta和Giovanni di Pasquale撰写。第359页,无花果。 [Réunion des Musées Nationaux,巴黎,2006年。€39. ISBN 2-7118-5163-X(纸)。

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This useful volume, lavishly illustrated in color, serves as both 的catalogue for 的exhibition of 的same name originally presented at 的Museo degli Argenti in Florence in 2004 (27 游行–31 十月) and a valuable introduction to 的technology of glass production and to 的wide-ranging impact of 的invention of 吹玻璃 in 的mid first century B.C.E. upon Roman life and scientific inquiry. I did not have 的opportunity to see 的exhibition, which focuses 上 objects taken, for 的most part, from 的collections of 的Antiqarium of Pompeii and 的National Archaeological Museum of Naples; these remarks are based solely 上 的French edition of 的catalogue published in conjunction with 的remounting of 的exhibition in 2006 (31 一月–27 August) at 的Cité科学与德’industrie in Paris.

As a specialist in ancient glass, I have filled my library with catalogues, large and small, from museums and private collections that present ancient glass narrowly as 的material of attractive cosmetic containers, tablewares, and lamps. Excavation catalogues, constrained by what is found, do little to counter this impression. Too often, those outside 的specialty construe 的study of glass to be a more limited version of 的study of ceramics. This catalogue has a series of excellent, informative essays by some of 的most interesting thinkers 上 的subject of ancient glass and its organization. It mirrors 的exhibition, emphasizing 的revolutionary aspects of glass in Roman life and thought, moving us beyond 的traditional model and demonstrating how 的study of glass and ancient thinking about glass can take us deep into 的creative and scientific heart of 的Roman empire.

Like glass itself, 的premise of 的exhibition is alluring. We are asked to consider how 上 e technological breakthrough—glassblowing—sparked a series of revolutions: technological, quotidian, architectural, and scientific. The authors of 的16 excellent essays that make up 的first section of 的volume not 上 ly introduce us to 的fundamental qualities of glass as a material and to 的processes employed to make glass and fashion it but also invite us to consider how 的properties of glass were understood and explored by ancient philosophers and scientists. They challenge us—谁将玻璃视为我们日常生活中的理所当然—to consider 的myriad ways in which 的first blown glass transformed 的daily lives of ancient Romans with colorful, thin-walled, translucent tablewares affordable to many for 的first time, with blazing lamps that magnified light, and with transparent windows that broke down boundaries between interior and exterior.

The focus is also 上 Campania and 上 的well-preserved corpus of mid first-century C.E. material from 的towns and villas buried by Vesuvius. It is here that some specialists see 的new industry of 吹玻璃 reaching its early technical and economic maturity, giving rise to an entirely different production model, far closer to mass production and mass marketing than had been possible before. New forms and functions of glass vessels exploded 上 to 的scene as workers engaged in exuberant experimentation.

本书中的文章挖掘出与早期罗马帝国的罗马玻璃有关的丰富主题,斯特恩对古罗马的玻璃工人也有贡献。施瓦岑贝格在水晶上; De Carolis在罗马日常生活中的玻璃上;保拉鲁奇(Paolucci)在弗拉维安玻璃杯上,特别参考庞贝城的发现;西亚拉洛关于玻璃在食品,药物和魔术中的作用;戴尔电脑’窗玻璃上的水印;贝雷塔在玻璃和视觉上;克劳迪乌斯·托勒密和玻璃上的斯特拉诺; Di Pasquale在玻璃和机器上;威瑞特à关于庞贝古罗马玻璃的化学反应; Arletti等。庞贝城的游戏作品的考古学;恰帕(Ciappi)和考古玻璃的重新发现以及在18和19世纪引发的实验。这些论文同时具有学术性和可访问性,即使侧重于坎帕尼亚(Campania)的资料,也可以说是全面的,并用有用的图表和彩色照片慷慨地加以说明。在适当情况下,应特别注意每个主题的古老资源,并且有用的引用比比皆是。本书的总参考书目着重介绍了古代玻璃的标准作品,同时在技术和文化背景下重点介绍了玻璃。

该目录本身带有高质量的插图和有用的(如果简短的话)条目,对于罗马玻璃的学生特别是对行业技术方面感兴趣的人将非常有用。第一部分,关于玻璃吹制的技术革命,着重介绍了罗马帝国早期玻璃工业的快速转型,并向我们介绍了主要的玻璃类型—吹塑,模切—代表来自坎帕尼亚的大型语料库。第二部分着重于日常生活,阐述了家庭生活,并强调了用玻璃逐渐取代金属和陶瓷容器的情况。第三部分致力于建筑革命—the “conquest of light”—afforded by large panes of blown window glass and light-magnifying glass lamps. The final section, 上 的scientific revolution, emphasizes 的way in which scientists of 的period used transparent glass to make strides in optics and in measurement, and how these developments allowed for important advances in medicine and in observations of 的natural world and of objects of small size.

This volume is an excellent resource for those interested in an engaging introduction to Roman glass production and in exploring 的remarkable impact of 的invention of 吹玻璃 上 daily life and scientific inquiry in 的early Roman empire. It is a model of how to employ diverse sources of evidence to paint a comprehensive picture of a pivotal moment in human technological progress. It never lets us stray far from a sense of wonder that through this evidence we can witness how, almost overnight, 的application of human breath to hot glass sparked a burst of creative energy that turned up 的light 上 domestic life and pushed forward 的nature of human scientific endeavor. 万岁évolution!

珍妮特·邓肯·琼斯
Classics Department
Bucknell University
宾夕法尼亚刘易斯堡17837
jjones@bucknell.edu

的书评 在玻璃’罗马帝国:公关展览ésentée à佛罗伦萨,德利·阿贡蒂博物馆,博物馆ée “des Argents,”碧堤宫2004年3月至10月31日,由Marco Beretta和Giovanni di Pasquale撰写

珍妮特·邓肯·琼斯评论

美国考古学杂志 飞行。 112,第3号(2008年7月)

在线发布于 www.ajaonline.org/book-review/569

DOI: 10.3764 / ajaonline1123。琼斯

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